Volume 1, Issue 2 (12-2015)                   Iran J Neurosurg 2015, 1(2): 40-43 | Back to browse issues page

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1- MD, Professor of Neurosurgery, Neurosurgery Department, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
2- MSc in Physiology, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
3- MD, Professor of Social Medicine, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
4- Ph.D, Associate Professor of Biostatistics, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
5- M.D, Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Department of Neurosurgery, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Guilan, Iran
Abstract:   (5845 Views)

Background and Aim: Traumatic subdural hygroma is the accumulation of CSF (cerebrospinal fluid) in subdural space following head trauma. The mass effect of hygroma on brain can impinge on consciousness. There are still many ambiguities on indications of hygroma surgery. This is an 11-year follow-up study which involves the patients suffering traumatic subdural hygroma who underwent surgery. Methods & Materials/Patients: In this retrospective study, clinical records of 16 patients who were operated due to traumatic subdural hygroma were studied. The data from existing records in the hospital were collected and analyzed. They were then analyzed by Repeated Measures ANOVA using SPSS (Version 18). The differences were considered statistically significant at P≤0.05. Results: In this study, there were 13 men (81.3%) and 3 women (18.7%) (Mean age=62 years old). In 87.75% of patients, hygroma was diagnosed 6 days after head injury. It wasunilateral in majority of patients (56.3%) and located in fronto-parietal area (81.3%). The most frequent concomitant injuries were contusions (25%) and subarachnoid hemorrhage (18.8%), respectively. GCS trend on admission and at discharge was significantly different fromthat of hygroma formation (P<0.05). One-fourth of patients had recurrence of hygroma after surgery. All patients (except one) had good outcome. Conclusion: Subdural hygroma is a delayed lesion and surgical treatment improves the level of consciousness (LOC) in afflicted patients.

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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Gamma Knife Radiosurgery

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