Volume 3, Issue 2 (9-2017)                   Iran J Neurosurg 2017, 3(2): 51-57 | Back to browse issues page

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Zareian L, Azarhomayoun A, Alimohamadi M, Khajavi M, Razeghi-Jahromi S. Impact of Acute Phase Epigallocatechin-3-gallate Supplementation on Consciousness and S100B Serum Levels in TBI Patients: A Double Blind Randomized Clinical Trial . Iran J Neurosurg. 2017; 3 (2) :51-57
URL: http://irjns.org/article-1-87-en.html
1- MSc, Animal Physiology Department, Basic Sciences Faculty, Shahrekord Branch, Islamic Azad University, Shahrekord, Iran
2- MD, Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran
3- MD, Brain and Spinal Cord Injury Research Center (BASIR), Neuroscience Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (TUMS), Tehran, Iran
4- MD, Department of Anesthesiology, Sina hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
5- PhD, Department of Clinical Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Technology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , razeghi@sina.tums.ac.i
Abstract:   (5525 Views)
Background and Aim: Traumatic brain injury is one of the leading causes of mortality and disability in young adults. Epigallocatechin-3-gallate, the antioxidant compound of green tea, has been proposed to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. This study evaluates the potential effects of epigallocatechin-3-gallate on the early clinical outcome and serum S100B levels (biomarker for brain tissue damage severity) in patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury.

Methods and Materials/Patients: Thirty patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury admitted to the intensive care unit were enrolled. The patients were randomly allocated to treatment with either a daily oral dose of 400 mg epigallocatechin-3-gallate or placebo (distilled water) for seven days. The main outcome measures were duration of mechanical ventilation and ICU stay, Glasgow Coma Scale, and S100B protein level.

Results: The results revealed a significant improvement in consciousness level after seven days in the epigallocatechin-3-gallate group (2.93±3.9 unit improvement in GCS versus 0.14±3.05 reduction in GCS, p-value:0.033). There was also a significantly shorter duration of mechanical ventilation in the epigallocatechin-3-gallate compared to the control group (5.1 days versus 9.8 days, p-value:0.02). Reduction of the serum S100B level was slightly higher in the epigallocatechin-3-gallate group (23.96 versus 18.6 pg/ml) but the difference was not statistically significant.

Conclusion: Epigallocatechin-3-gallate supplementation had beneficial effects on consciousness level of the patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury in the acute phase.

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Type of Study: Clinical Trial | Subject: Neurotrauma

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