Volume 4, Issue 1 (Winter 2018)                   Iran J Neurosurg 2018, 4(1): 25-34 | Back to browse issues page

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Ashraf A, Reihanian Z, Hoseinzadeh J, Mo'men O, Sanjabi R, Shakiba M. Pain and Related Pre-Hospital Factors in Patients With Trauma: A Cross-Sectional Study . Iran J Neurosurg. 2018; 4 (1) :25-34
URL: http://irjns.org/article-1-103-en.html
1- Assistant Professor of Anesthesia, Department of Anesthesia, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
2- Assistant Professor of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
3- Resident of Neurosurgery, Department of Neurosurgery, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , jfr50h@yahoo.com
4- Assistant Professor of Orthopedics, Department of Orthopedics, Gorgan University of Medical Sciences, Golestan, Iran
5- General Physician, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
6- Assistant Professor of Epidemiology, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
Abstract:   (1268 Views)
Background and Aim: Pain is an experience often caused by tissue damage and is proportional to the severity of the injury. The role of underlying factors in severity of the pain such as prehospital factors have been discussed in some investigations. The current study aimed to assess the effect of different parameters on pain severity in patients with trauma.
Methods and Materials/Patients: The current descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted fully conscious 270 fully patients with trauma admitted to Poursina Hospital in Rast, Guilan, Iran, in 2016. They were assessed in terms of demographic and pre-hospital factors as well as mechanism and severity of trauma based on verbal rating scale.
Results: Linear regression analysis demonstrated that among various factors like age, sex, level of education, opium dependence, vehicle type, ventilation, blood pressure, pulse rate, mechanism of trauma, and type of trauma, the highest severity of pain was pertaining to the type of trauma such as multiple trauma and large bone fracture with mean scores of 9.26 and 9.13, respectively. It also revealed that among these parameters, mechanism of trauma, type of trauma, transfer time, type of vehicle, and pulse rate were significantly associated with the severity of the pain.
Conclusion: The current study showed that increasing the quality of vehicle, decreasing the transfer time, and paying more attention to hemodynamic factors such as pulse rate, blood pressure, use of analgesic agents, and immobilization of damaged tissue can diminish the severity of pain in patients with trauma.
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Type of Study: Research | Subject: Pain
* Corresponding Author Address: Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran

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