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1- Associate Professor of Emergency Medicine, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Guilan University of Medical Sciences
2- Assistant Professor of Emergency Medicine, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran , smzz102186@gmail.com, smzz5859@hotmail.com
3- Associate Professor of Statistics, Guilan Road Trauma Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Guilan University of Medical Sciences
4- Resident of Emergency Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Poursina Hospital, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran, Guilan University of Medical Sciences
Abstract:   (33 Views)
Background and Aim: One of the major injuries in trauma is cervical damage. Although using cervical collar is the standard method for emergency trauma patients, it is not usually properly placed. This study aimed at investigating the effect of education on knowledge of pre-hospital emergency staff regarding the use of cervical collar in patients with head and neck injuries.
Methods and Materials/Patients: In this semi-experimental study, all of the personnel in pre-hospital emergency departments of Rasht were included with census method. First, the knowledge of their staff about utilizing cervical collar was studied using a questionnaire. Then, those with a low/intermediate knowledge were trained by the emergency medicine resident. Instructional CDs including materials on using the cervical collar were distributed. After two weeks, their knowledge was measured by written and practical tests. By comparing the scores before and after the education, the intervention's effectiveness was monitored.
Results: All samples were male. The mean and standard deviation of their age and work experience were 38.8±7.5 and 12.6±6.5 years, respectively. The results of pre-education knowledge survey showed that the majority of subjects (n=71, 69.6%) had a moderate knowledge and 27 individuals (26.47%) had poor knowledge, and only 4 individuals (3.9%) had sufficient knowledge about using the cervical collar. Knowledge survey assessment after education in poor and moderate groups (n=98, 96.1%) showed that 73 subjects (74.5%) had good knowledge and 25 subjects (25.5%) had moderate knowledge. No sample had weak knowledge.
Conclusion: The pre-hospital emergency personnel knowledge on using cervical collar increased after holding an educational course.
Full Text [PDF 1023 kb]   (17 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Research | Subject: Trauma
* Corresponding Author Address: Guilan University of Medical Sciences

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