Volume 8 - Continuous publishing                   Iran J Neurosurg 2022, 8 - Continuous publishing: 15-15 | Back to browse issues page


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Ahmadi S A Y, Nourmohammadi M J, Sayahi A, Alijani B, Yousefzadeh-Chabok S, Rezaian J. Effect of Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF) on Improving Impairment Scale After Acute Spinal Cord Injury: An Individual Participant Data Meta-Analysis. Iran J Neurosurg 2022; 8 :15-15
URL: http://irjns.org/article-1-322-en.html
1- , jafarrezaian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (61 Views)
Background and Aim: The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of granulocyte
colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) after acute spinal cord injury on increasing a grade of improvement
entitled American spinal cord injury association impairment scale (AIS) as an individual participant
data (IPD) meta-regression analysis of clinical trials.
Methods and Materials/Patients: According to our search strategy, four studies were selected.
Multilevel ordered logistic regression modeling was used to predict AIS grade with G-CSF
administration and time variable (first day and a 3-month follow-up). The IDs of the studies as well
as the time series variable were imported to the random part of the model. Odds ratio (OR) and
95% confidence interval (CI) were reported.
Results: A total of 277 samples were studied. A fixed effect model was performed at first.
Accordingly, using G-CSF was associated with increased AIS grade (lower impairment) (OR=1.503,
95% CI=1.110-2.035) adjusted with time series (OR=1.868, 95% CI=1.378-2.532). In the mixed
effect model, G-CSF was again associated with increased AIS grade (OR=1.780, 95% CI=1.301-
2.436) adjusted with time series (OR=2.152, 95% CI=1.406-3.294).
Conclusion: The present meta-analysis showed the protective effect of GCS-F observed as an
improvement in AIS grade. This protecting effect was further after adjusting the random effects
of time series and individual studies. Although multilevel modeling could reduce our limitations,
it should be regarded that the number of trials was not enough to establish strong conclusions.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Spine

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